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Glossary of Common Jewelry Terms

Diamond ring

4 C's

A universal grading system developed by GIA (Gemological Institute of America) to evaluate the quality of a diamond. The 4 C's are Carat, Color, Clarity, and Cut.


A mixture of two or more metals to create more desirable characteristics and/or added strength


An irregular-shaped stone or pearl. Also an art style characterized by ornate detail.

Base Metal

A term informally referring to non-precious metals (such as copper, zinc, tin, nickel, lead or iron), which are commonly used in costume jewelry.


Pertaining to diamonds, this term has two components: brightness and contrast. Brightness refers to the amount of light returned from the diamond's surroundings and back to the observer. To be brilliant, a diamond also needs contrast, intensity of the white light from the crown of a polished diamond or other gemstone.


A polished, convex-cut, unfaceted gemstone. Typically has a flat back.


Computer-aided design and manufacturing.


A design cut in relief, usually into a hard gemstone or shell.


A unit of weight for precious and semi-precious gemstones, equal to 200 milligrams.


Describes the convex interior of a ring.


Designs that are up-to-date with current trends in the industry with a modern flair.


Short for Cubic Zirconia, a man-made gemstone created to simulate a diamond. Approximately 64% heavier than a diamond.


The power of a diamond when breaking up its light into its constituent colors.


Abbreviation for pennyweight. There are 20 pennyweights in an ounce (Troy).


An opaque or semi-transparent glass or substance applied to a metal surface for protection or ornamental purposes.


The flat, polished surface of a gemstone that affects a gemstone's brilliance and sparkle.


Lace-like ornamental work formed from thin wires of intricately-arranged intertwined precious metal. May be plain, twisted, or plaited.


A component or part used in the making of a piece of jewelry.


A decorative texture applied to the surface to enhance it's appearance.


Dispersed light that appears as flashes of spectral colors (rainbow) on a diamond.


A mineral or organic material with sufficient beauty, rarity, and durability to be set into jewelry.

Genuine Stone

A gemstone that is produced by nature without interference from man, other than cutting or fashioning. Do not confuse "natural" with untreated gemstones.


A quality mark indicating precious metal content (10kt, 14kt, 18kt, platinum, etc.). Typically stamped on a jewelry item in an inconspicuous location (back, inside ring shank, etc.). FTC requires the manufacturer or distributor of said product to disclose their identity by accompanying the quality mark with a trademark or company name.


A term used to describe items (in this case jewelry) that cause or are claimed to cause fever allergic reactions. Depending on the allergen of the subject, these may include metals such as stainless steel, titanium, gold, etc.


The insertion of pieces of gemstones, wood, ivory, etc. into slots created on the surface for embellishm